The male (external) condom is a very thin rubber or plastic sheath that goes over the penis. It only needs to be used when you have sex. The condom acts as a barrier to stop sperm from travelling through the vagina to the uterus (womb) during sex and prevents the sperm and egg from meeting.
Note: Condoms are the only contraceptive methods which protect against sexually transmitted infections. To ensure protection from both pregnancy and infection, we recommend "dual protection". This means using a male or female condom in addition to the contraceptive method of your choice to prevent pregnancy.
How good is the male condom at preventing a pregnancy?
- The male condom works reasonably well at preventing pregnancy but its ability to stop a pregnancy largely depends it being used properly every time a couple has sex. This means it must be worn from the start to the finish of the sex act and a new one must be used for every sex act.
- With typical use 13 out of 100 users will become pregnant
What are the advantages of the male condom?
- It can be used at any time
- You only need to use condoms when you have sex.
- Male condoms can be used for any sexual activity (oral, anal and vaginal) and they help to protect against most sexually transmitted infections, including HIV.
- Male condoms come in a variety of shapes, sizes and textures, including latex free options
- Male condoms do not have any side effects and will not affect monthly bleeding patterns
- Condoms can be used straight after childbirth, abortion or miscarriage
What are the disadvantages of the male condom?
- Condoms have to be used correctly every single time you have sex to be effective
- If the condom breaks, tears, falls off or gets pushed into the vagina during sex, then you may need to go to a doctor or pharmacy to use emergency contraception as soon as possible to prevent pregnancy (and you may be at risk of contracting a sexually transmitted infection)
- Condoms will create a different sexual sensation than sex without a condom
How do I use a condom?
- Check that the condom has not gone past its expiry date or been damaged
- Never use any oil-based lubricant with a condom as it will make it more likely to break during sex (silicone or water-based lube is fine)
- Carefully tear open the foil packaging (don’t use your teeth), making sure not to rip the condom inside. Before any contact is made between the penis and the vagina place the condom at the head of the erect penis. Squeeze the tip of the condom between your thumb and forefinger to prevent air being trapped and unroll the condom all the way to the base of the erect penis.
- After ejaculation, withdraw the penis from the vagina while it is still erect, holding the condom firmly in place at the base of the penis. Slide the condom off the penis, taking care not to spill any semen or to allow the penis to come into contact with the vagina. Although it is unlikely to happen, it is always good practice to check that the condom did not break during sex. Dispose of the used condom hygienically – tie the top so that nothing spills out and throw it in a rubbish bin (not in the toilet as it may cause a blockage).