Tubal ligation is a simple surgical procedure which is a permanent solution for those who are sure they don’t want any more children.
The surgical procedure is simple and takes up to 30 minutes. It involves making a small cut in the lower stomach and then cutting or blocking the fallopian tubes. The fallopian tubes normally carry an unfertilised egg to the uterus (womb). Cutting or blocking the fallopian tubes prevents the egg and sperm meeting, so that a pregnancy cannot occur.
Tubal ligation is a quick and safe surgical procedure. It needs to be done by a trained health provider.
How good is tubal ligation at preventing a pregnancy?
- Tubal ligation works very well at preventing pregnancy
- Less than 1 people who have a tubal ligation will become pregnant
What are the advantages of tubal ligation?
- It is permanent, so you do not need to remember to use contraception again.
- Tubal ligation does not involve taking any hormones, so does not have any hormonal side effects and will not change your period
- It does not interrupt sex or affect your sex life.
- There are no side effects of tubal ligation
- You can have the operation straight after childbirth, abortion or miscarriage
What are the disadvantages of tubal ligation?
- You have to have a surgical procedure
- As it is permanent, you should only choose tubal ligation if you do not want any more children. You cannot change your mind once the operation is done.
- Condoms are the only contraceptive method which protect against sexually transmitted infections. To ensure protection from both pregnancy and infection, we recommend "dual protection". This means using a male or female condom in addition to the contraceptive method of your choice to prevent pregnancy.
What are the possible risks with a tubal ligation?
- Injury to nearby organs